One of the heavier bands to come out of the 1980s L.A. metal scene, W.A.S.P. quickly rose to national infamy thanks to their shock rock image, lyrics, and live concerts. Led by firebrand vocalist, bassist, guitarist, and sole constant member Blackie Lawless, the band released a string of successful studio albums, including the gold-selling W.A.S.P. (1984) and The Last Command (1985), before briefly ceasing operations in the early '90s. Lawless assembled and disassembled multiple lineups as the years progressed. Still, the band remained prolific and surprisingly potent, issuing well-received efforts like 9/11-inspired Dying for the World (2002) and the biblically themed Babylon (2009) and Golgotha (2015) that eschewed the debauchery of their early material for a more contemplative, though no less boisterous, approach to the genre. 

Leader Blackie Lawless (bass/vocals) was already a rock & roll veteran when he relocated to the West Coast and founded W.A.S.P. with guitarists Chris Holmes and Randy Piper and drummer Tony Richards. The band soon established a reputation as a ferocious live act, thanks in large part to Lawless' habits of tying a semi-naked model to a torture rack and throwing raw meat into the audience. And with the release of their self-explanatory independent EP, Animal (F**k Like a Beast), W.A.S.P. became impossible to ignore. 

They signed to Capitol Records, and with songs like "I Wanna Be Somebody" and "L.O.V.E. Machine" leading the way, their self-titled 1984 debut was an instant success. W.A.S.P. took their horror show on the road, and their momentum continued to build with the following year's The Last Command, which featured new drummer Steven Riley and the band's biggest hit, "Blind in Texas." Later that year, W.A.S.P. gained even more prominence as one of the biggest targets of Tipper Gore and the P.M.R.C. (Parents' Music Resource Center), a Washington social agenda group leading a crusade against violent, sexist song lyrics. Though the incident (which included Senate hearings on the issue with guest speakers as disparate as Frank Zappa, John Denver, and Dee Snider from Twisted Sister) would cause more publicity than actual results, it served to make W.A.S.P. a household name. 

Ironically, the band toned down its act for 1986's Inside the Electric Circus, a more commercial album that saw Lawlessswitch to guitar (replacing the departed Piper) and hire bassist Johnny Rod. The blood and guts were largely gone, and despite releasing a strong live album entitled Live...In the Raw the following year, the band's popularity began to wane. The release of Penelope Spheeris' searing heavy metal "rockumentary" The Decline of Western Civilization 2: The Metal Years, an exposé about the L.A. metal scene, also didn't help matters. 

Released in 1989, Headless Children (featuring ex-Quiet Riot sticksman Frankie Banali) was a return to form, but it couldn't reverse the band's slump, and W.A.S.P. disbanded soon after. Lawless eventually returned as a one-man show for 1993's The Crimson Idol, an ambitious rock opera/concept album billed as Blackie Lawless & W.A.S.P. Resurrecting the band's old shock rock antics, but alas, not their fame and fortune, the following year's greatest-hits set, First Blood...Last Cuts, seemed like W.A.S.P.'s last chapter. 

But the resilient Lawless returned once again, luring guitarist Chris Holmesback into the fold and recruiting bassist Mike Duda and drummer Stet Howland for 1996's well-regarded Still Not Black Enough. This lineup continued to tour and record for a number of independent labels, with their albums including 1997's K.F.D., 1999's Helldorado, and 2001's Unholy Terror. The band released Dying for the World in 2002, an exceptional collection of unusually serious material inspired by the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It was followed in 2004 by the conceptual Neon God, Pt. 1 and Pt. 2, with the like-minded Dominator arriving in 2006. Issued in 2009, Babylon saw the group drawing inspiration from the biblical visions of the Four Horseman of the Apocalypse, while 2015's Napalm-issued Golgotha, their 15th studio long-player, would be the last LP to feature longtime drummer Mike Dupke, who left the group prior to the album's release. In 2017, W.A.S.P. toured to commemorate the 25th anniversary of The Crimson Idol. In February 2018, Napalm Records released ReIdolized: The Soundtrack to the Crimson Idol, which included both a concert film and the original LP, the latter of which added four previously unreleased cuts.


Leaders and stalwarts of the American heavy metal scene since the early 80s, Armored Saint‘s eighth full-length Punching The Sky sees them returning hard. A diverse, attitude-drenched collection, it’s everything the band’s faithful have come to expect from them while pushing their signature sound forward. “The goal is to write really good music. I know I’m stating the obvious here but that’s about the size of our agenda,” says bassist Joey Vera. “We’ve been able to shed a lot of expectations that sometimes plague a band like ours that has been around a long time, and we’ve recently moved into a comfort zone with just being ourselves. We have this kind of freedom now that we didn’t really have early in our career, and we can take some chances and make the kind of music that we want to hear. This record is a reflection of where we are at, right now.” Exploding to life with the crunchy, rousing “Standing On The Shoulders Of Giants” and not letting up until the closing ruthless riff of “Never You Fret”, the record is possessed of an urgency and vigor which very much places it in the right now, but could only be the work of Vera, guitarists Phil Sandoval and Jeff Duncan, drummer Gonzo Sandoval and vocalist John Bush. “When you’re a band that began four decades ago, you really have to push yourself harder than ever when it comes to making a new record,” states Bush. “The last thing you ever want is for it to appear as though you were going through the motions or that you’re just putting a product out to do some touring. The records are immortal. They’ll be here long after us. Every one needs to count in its own individual way.

Like many bands in the digital era, rather than writing together, the group would work on material separately and share whatever they came up with via file sharing, the majority of the music written by Vera and the lyrics penned by Bush. Writing commenced in December 2017, interrupted by touring in 2018 and then becoming a full-time process in early 2019 once these commitments had been fulfilled, a full year and a half spent working on this aspect of the record. Ask Vera to describe the sound of Punching The Sky and he admits that he struggles a little, being as close to it as he is, but he manages to elaborate somewhat: “I would have to say that this time, I was conscious about making the songs a little more to the point than the previous record. As a result, most of the songs are a little shorter in length than they are on ‘Win Hands Down’ (2015). ‘Standing on the Shoulders of Giants’ being an exception at almost seven minutes! But John and I really put an emphasis on writing great catchy choruses along with tons of sections that feel huge and epic. The record has a little bit of everything I think. Some crushing parts, some epic parts, some groove parts, some quiet parts. All the while, we still hope to exploit a sound that we feel is our own.” Bush adds, “It’s Armored Saint at its core of course, but sounding like a band that is living in the now. We always reflect on our past, as well as the influences of other artists we loved in our past, however I never want to try to emulate a record or the sound of something we already did.” The title of the record is inarguably vivid, and it also serves as the opening lyric. “It has so many meanings. To persevere through walls. To strive for greatness. To open new paths. It felt very visual as well as sounding epic. The sky is not the limit.” Lyrically, it was important for Bush to explore themes that matched the emotion and dynamism of the music presented to him, and the vocalist did not flinch, as always delivering the goods, but being a little more enigmatic in his approach. “I look around and let the landscape inspire it. I accumulate phrases and words in a notebook – I still love pencils – and apply those to the music. There are infinite subjects to write about, certainly now more than ever, but it’s important for the listener to read between the lines. I don’t want to spell it all out. My approach of late is to be more ambiguous, and there’s always opportunities for a little sarcasm and humor. The listener’s interpretation sometimes changes my own view of what the song is about. Also, sometimes the changes in the world change the theme of the song. It’s already happened a lot and that’s before the record has even come out.

With Vera acting as producer, he recruited the same engineering team that worked on Win Hands Down with drums recorded by Josh Newell at El Dorado Studios in Burbank, CA, guitars tracked by Bill Metoyer at Skullseven studios in North Hollywood, CA, and vocals, bass and additional recordings by the bassist at his studio. “I like working with people that I trust and have a good personal rapport with. That same reason is why I hired Jay Ruston to mix the record. It’s important to be able to work with people who understand what the end goal is.” The process of realizing the album was a lot of hard work, Vera admitting he took on too many of the tasks himself, but he states that overall it was a good experience and everyone brought their A-game to the table and the right attitude for getting things done. “At the end of the mixing stage, I always have a hard time walking away from the project we’ve been working on for so long. It’s hard to let it go. The end result is good though. Everyone played and sang their asses off and it shows.” The record also features a few guest musicians further expanding its sonic palette, the whole thing kicking off with the sound of Uilleann Pipes, Vera finding player Patrick D’Arcy in LA and recruiting him to the cause. Guns ‘N’ Roses keyboardist Dizzy Reed also contributes, Vera giving both him and D’Arcy some general directions and letting them loose, both of them delivering strong performances. The band’s own Gonzo Sandoval plays an American Indian flute on “Never You Fret” – a first for Armored Saint and their drummer. Also Jacob Ayala, the son of a childhood friend who is a drum major in high school, added some marching snare on one of the tracks, which really stands out.

With the band’s place in the metal scene firmly reestablished with Punching The Sky, they are staring down their four decade anniversary, which Vera reflects on. “Part of me feels like I can’t believe we’ve been doing this for that long. It’s kind of incredible. So I feel pretty damn lucky really, that we’ve been able to have the support from fans and our record company for all these years. Without this support, we really couldn’t do any of this. So this is the big part of what has kept us going, and when I stop and look around, I am humbled that we’ve had this opportunity to make music and tour for such a long time. That’s what our initial goal was back when we were just 18 years old.”